Proponents claim that a high-carb, low/no-fat, vegan lifestyle will “cure” diabetes. However, this dietary lifestyle must be maintained or diabetes symptoms will return. Success is not promised unless you are totally “plant-based” (dietary vegan).
|Approach||High-carb, Low/no-fat (Vegan)|
|Major Proponents||Weimar NEWSTART®, John McDougall, Neal Barnard, Caldwell Esselstyn (primarily heart disease not diabetes); ); earlier proponents include Dean Ornish, Robert Pritikin|
|Lifestyle Required||Strict vegan diet required (NO animal products)|
|Description||Weimar Program based on eight fundamental principles proven to help you achieve optimum health: Nutrition, Exercise, Water, Sunlight, Temperance, Air, Rest, and Trust. Nutrition is a vegan diet of unprocessed foods with no sugar and no oil. Requires walking a minimum of 5 miles (10,000 steps) every day. Does not restrict carbohydrate intake.|
|Rationale||Based on the premise that body fat causes insulin resistance, the rational is that this kind of diet (only vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes) promotes weight loss and helps to reverse insulin resistance.|
|Calories||Calories not restricted|
|Macronutrient Percentages||50-70% from complex carbohydrates, 10-20% from fat of vegetable origin, and 5-10% protein from vegetable origin|
|Carbohydrates||No restriction on amount of carbohydrates within allowed list of foods|
|Fats||No fats allowed if overweight. Once normal weight is achieved, may have small amounts of foods like avocados, olive, and nuts, but never any extracted oils like olive oil or coconut oil.|
|Protein (meat, eggs, dairy)||No animal flesh, eggs, or dairy products|
|Fruits||All whole fruits, avoid juice|
|Grains||Whole grains, avoid flours|
|Legumes||All beans, peas, and lentils|
|Vegetables||All vegetables allowed, especially starchy|
|Processed Foods||Avoid. Most should be whole foods.|
|Exercise||Weimar’s requirement is to walk 5 miles (10,000 steps) every day. In the McDougall Program, the only exercise required is “a nice daily walk.”|
|Information & Resources||http://newstart.com/|
Here is a summary chart, comparing the main aspects of each of the first three (3) approaches:
Diabetes Diet Comparisons [PDF]
An online video course from Life & Health
Full Plate Diet
Plant-based, focus on fiber for “superfoods”
High-Carb, Low-Fat Diet For Diabetes
Low-Fat, High-Carb Diets Reverse Insulin Resistance
Reversing Diabetes: Carbs Are Good For You
Simple Care for Diabetes
The high-carbohydrate diet in diabetes management.
Vegan Diet Eases Nerve Pain of Diabetes
The Raw Food Diet 101
Can a Vegetarian Diet Help Type 2 Diabetes?
A collaboration of “Forks Over Knives”
These are mostly on-site programs, ranging from one day to multiple weeks. Most are not specific to diabetes but just mention diabetes as one of many physical ailments that their “lifestyle” program claims to help.
Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP)
Developed by Hans Diehl, DrHSc, MPH, FACN, program founder and Clinical Professor of Preventative Medicine at Loma Linda University. Recommends adopting a whole-food plant-based eating pattern.
Dr. Neal Barnard’s Program for Reversing Diabetes
Based on a low-fat, high-carb, vegan diet
NEWSTART® (Weimar Institute)
Based on “Eight Laws of Health,” with low-fat, high-carb, vegan diet. Not specifically for diabetes but general overall health.
TakeTEN (St. Helena Medical Center)
10-day lifestyle medicine program that combines medicine, lifestyle, fitness, (vegan) nutrition, and health
The McDougall Program – Diabetes
Plant-food based diet and exercise
- ADA – American Diabetes Association
- HCNFV – High-carb, low/no-fat, vegan
- LCHF – Low-carb, high-fat, moderate protein
- SAD – Standard American Diet
- What Can I Eat?